I have just been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. How will my life change, and what precautions and measures will I have to take from now on?
First, you should know that type 2 diabetes is the most common. It is usually associated with overweight or obesity problems, so it is necessary to modify particular lifestyle and eating habits and get used to controlling the sugar level periodically and taking the assigned medication. In some cases, newer possibilities such as surgery may also be explored.
Therefore, the immediate measures (always under medical supervision) that must be adopted are:
- Eat a healthy diet avoiding carbohydrates, sugary drinks, and alcohol. On the other hand, increase your intake of fresh foods rich in fiber and protein, and always eat moderate amounts to maintain weight.
- Exercise regularly. Physical activity helps burn fat, lowers blood sugar, lowers blood pressure, and improves blood flow. In addition, it improves mood and reduces stress. She is walking, running, cycling, swimming. You should exercise between 30 and 60 minutes a day.
- Check blood sugar levels regularly. Depending on the state of the disease, it should be checked one or more times a day. In many cases, insulin is required.
- In addition to diet and exercise, especially when the disease has just been diagnosed, the medications indicated by the specialist should be taken to balance the sugar level. Initially, it is treated with oral medications, but over time insulin is usually required.
What are the main health problems associated with type 2 diabetes?
This diabetes is associated with other health problems, such as obesity. It can lead to further complications, such as kidney disease, heart or vascular issues, and, above all, eye and foot problems. These are the organs most sensitive to this disease, so regular check-ups should be carried out, and special attention should be paid to any symptoms. In the case of the feet, any wound or chafing should be observed daily, good hygiene and nail care should be taken, and any problem reported to the healthcare staff. As for the eyes, it is advisable to carry out regular ophthalmological check-ups and, in the event of any abnormal vision symptoms, go to the specialist.
Is there an alternative technique to insulin injections that is applied today?
Fortunately, there are now interventions that can cure this disease, such as diabetes surgery, which eliminates the use of insulin in 99.2% of operated patients.
This technique consists of connecting a part of the stomach directly with the small intestine to prevent food from passing through the duodenum and the vicinity of the pancreas. Thus, the hormones that cause the rise in sugar are prevented from reacting by canceling the effect of insulin. The intervention is performed through laparoscopy through five incisions in the abdomen and under general anesthesia. The operation takes between 30 and 50 minutes, and patients can go home after 48 hours and return to work between one and three weeks later. This type of surgery leaves less scarring and reduces the risk of wound infections and heart and lung problems. It allows a quick recovery and is much safer and more effective than other techniques currently performed.
After this operation, 82% of the operated patients control the disease and do not need pills or insulin. 98% lower their cholesterol level immediately and 72% lower their triglycerides significantly. High blood pressure disappears in 66% of patients, and only 17.8% need to be controlled only with pills.