Dental cleaning, also called dental hygiene or dental prophylaxis, is a treatment used to prevent gum-related diseases (although it is not always used preventively). Also called a colectomy, which means the removal of tartar (calculus).
Ultimately, the goal of dental cleaning is to remove plaque and calculus that is attached to the teeth. Sometimes the removal of extrinsic stains produced by food, beverages, or tobacco is also sought.
Dental plaque is a colorless or slightly yellowish substance that is made up of bacteria and food debris that is usually deposited in the areas of greatest retention. These are the tooth-gum junction area, interdental areas, and the chewing surface of molars. Normally, basic dental cleaning seeks to eliminate the elements mentioned above that are adhered to the tooth in the supragingival and paragingival areas, that is, above or at the gum.
HOW IS IT DONE?
As we have noted, the goal of cleaning is to remove supragingival and slightly subgingival plaque and tartar. With this, we eliminate the calculus responsible for the retention of dental plaque and consequently bacteria.
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We also eliminate extrinsic stains, that is, stains caused by external agents. These can be, wine, tobacco, mouthwashes, etc.
An ultrasound device is generally used. These devices have the characteristic that when they come into contact with a hard surface, they vibrate. The part that vibrates is a fine tip called the insert and is the part that touches the tooth and, therefore, removes the remains strongly adhered to the tooth (usually tartar).
In the event that only the plaque had to be removed, simply with a clinic brush and prophylaxis paste, which has a polishing effect, can be removed.
In the case of stains, these can be removed with a clinical brush and paste or bicarbonate spray, which, due to the bicarbonate salts, wash away the dirt from said stains.
HOW LONG DOES IT TAKE TO CLEAN?
Normally this type of dental cleaning is done in a single session that does not usually last more than 30 minutes. We do dental cleanings in Barcelona and this is usually the average cost of our patients.
DOES IT HURT TO HAVE A DENTAL CLEANING?
In general, dental cleaning does not hurt. It is a treatment that in a very high percentage is performed without anesthesia.
Yes, there are patients with high sensitivity in their teeth that makes the friction of the tip of the ultrasound device cause pain, or that the situation of their gums is adverse due to inflammation or infection. In these cases, anesthesia is usually used or treatment is deferred until gingival recovery.
HOW OFTEN IS IT CONVENIENT TO DO ONE?
In general terms, it is recommended once a year, accompanied by a review. Logically, it is a period that has to be customized according to the patient, the state of their gums, the appearance of frequent stains, the appearance of tartar in a short time after cleaning.
Therefore, the terms for each cleaning must be advised by the dentist according to the risks and situations of each patient.
? HOW MUCH DOES A DENTAL CLEANING COST?
Dental cleaning is one of the few treatments that mutual insurers fully cover for their members. This has caused the treatment to be devalued, both the treatment itself and its value.
The basic cleaning or the one that the mutual insurers cover is carried out in people with healthy periodontal tissues, that is, correct gums and bone support. Therefore, a situation that can occur is not being able to offer basic dental cleaning, but rather deeper treatments, due to the patient’s periodontal disease situation.
The price of a dental cleaning usually varies between € 40 and € 80, depending on the price policy of the clinic, since generally the procedure does not allow large variations. And only the malpractice of the professional who did it could lose its value.
WHEN CAN THE PRICE OF A DENTAL CLEANING BE INCREASED?
Dental cleaning is a painless treatment in general, but it can be annoying.
The main problem is tooth sensitivity, which varies between patients and their oral conditions. In the same way, what is understood as annoying and painful is highly variable between patients? For this reason, on many occasions, we recommend performing dental cleaning with anesthesia.
This has the problem of having to harden the punctures of anesthesia, but two very important objectives are achieved. First and foremost, eliminate pain. And secondly and as a consequence of the previous one, we clean better, because without the use of anesthesia in patients with high sensitivity, we will not clean well and the patient will have been suffering during the process.
Therefore, it is highly recommended to request anesthesia if cleaning causes pain.
Economically it is slightly higher but clearly beneficial.
WHY AREN’T MY TEETH WHITENED WITH A CLEANING?
A question and even “complaint” after a dental cleaning is, “I come to have a cleaning because I want whiter teeth” or “I just had a cleaning and I do not see my teeth whiter”
Cleaning does not whiten teeth, cleaning removes tartar and stains.
The color of the teeth is determined by the dentin, internal dental tissue that is impossible to reach without using peroxide whitening gels.
Therefore the teeth, after a dental cleaning, will not be whiter, they will be cleaner. If what you want is a whitening, you can see it here.